1. Put your left index finger on zero

2. With your right index finger, add 8 (Do not touch zero. Touch 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.)

3. Say, “I just added 8.”

4. Slide your left finger from the zero to the 8 and say, “That’s one group of 8.”

5. With your right index finger, add 8 more (Touch 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16.)

6. Say, “I added 8 two times.”

7. Slide your left finger from the 8 to the 16 and say, “That’s two groups of 8.”

8. With your right index finger, add 8 more (Touch 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.)

9. Say, “I added 8 three times.”

10. Slide your left finger from the 16 to the 24 and say, “That’s three groups of 8.”

11. How many times did you add 8? How many groups of 8 is that? How many is in each group? At what number did you end? So 3 x 8 = ?”

How many are in each group? How many groups are there?  How many are there altogether?

12. Try an experiment: Start at zero and add three, eight times. What do you notice?

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